Wednesday, 20 August 2014

10 essentials on Ebola

1) Ebola virus disease has a death rate of up to 90%.

2) Ebola first appeared in 1976, simultaneously,  in a village near the Ebola river in the Democratic Republic of Congo and in Sudan.

3) Fruit bats are the likely hosts of the Ebola virus.

4) Ebola is introduced into the human population through close contact with body fluids of infected animals.

5) Contamination from human to human occurs through broken skin or mucous membranes, or through any material that had been in contact with infected body fluids.

6) Men who have recovered from the illness can still spread the virus to their partner through their semen for up to 7 weeks after recovery.

7) Immunological symptoms of infection include low white blood cell and platelet counts. Biochemical signs of infection are usually elevated liver enzymes.

8) The incubation period is from 2 to 21 days. By incubation read time interval from infection to onset of symptoms.

9) Patients are not contagious during incubation period.

10) There are currently no specific treatment to cure the disease, but to fight dehydration with solutions that contain electrolytes.

Information obtained from Frequently asked questions on Ebola virus disease, World Health Organization, [], last visited on the 20th of August 2014, last updated on the 8th of July 2014.

Image obtained from unknown source.

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